TRADISI ARISAN PERNIKAHAN SEBAGAI SISTEM PERTUKARAN SOSIAL DI DALAM PELAKSANAAN PESTA PERNIKAHAN (Studi pada Masyarakat di Desa Tanjung Balau Kecamatan Serasan Kabupaten Natuna)

Authors

  • Enji Epriadi Universitas Maritim Raja Ali Haji
  • Sri Wahyuni Universitas Maritim Raja Ali Haji
  • Nanik Rahmawati Universitas Maritim Raja Ali Haji

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.57036/jsk.v3i1.68

Keywords:

Tradition, Wedding Gathering, Preventive, Social Exchange

Abstract

The implementation of a traditional wedding ceremony is an event that requires considerable funding, overcoming the problem of financing the wedding, therefore the people in Tanjung Balau Village, Serasan District, Natuna Regency have given birth to various traditions, one of which is the wedding arisan, or often referred to as (Pesatuan). Geographical location, the amount given will remain the same and people in other villages may also participate so that this is interesting to study and is a difference from previous research. The purpose of this study was to find out how the wedding arisan tradition was carried out as a system of social exchange in the implementation of weddings (Studies in Communities in Tanjung Balau Village, Serasan District, Natuna Regency). The method used in this study is a qualitative descriptive method with as many as 10 informants and uses data collection techniques and tools in the form of observation, interviews, and documentation. The data analysis technique uses Social Exchange Theory by Thibaut and Kelley. The results of the study found that in this study, namely this social gathering, it had been running for ± 60 years to date. The wedding arisan in Tanjung Balau Village has several types of arisan including rice, sugar, fish, eggs, oil, wood, mineral water, single organ and seserahan arisan from proposing to marriage and each type of arisan has its own chairman. Each type of arisan has ±100 members or participants, and each participant may join more than one type of arisan as long as it is according to ability. If you donate rice you have to return rice, you donate oil you have to return oil, you donate sugar you have to return sugar with the same measure and amount. This wedding arisan tradition in the implementation of the wedding ceremony is a form of social exchange that occurs between members of the arisan. The pressures faced by members of the wedding arisan are by means of social control (preventive) which are not written but these are considered rules and norms that must be followed to prevent unwanted things from happening in the.

References

Ananda, A. D., Lestari, P., & Januarti, N. E. (2019). Arisan Rumah Sebagai Upaya Mewujudkan Kesejahteraan Masyarakat (Studi Kasus Di Desa Tambahrejo Barat, Gading Rejo, Pringsewu, Lampung). E-Societas, 8(3).

Basri, M., & Achmadi, A. Pembelajaran Nilai Gotong Royong Dalam Arisan Pernikahan Melayu Sambas. Jurnal Visi Ilmu Pendidikan, 14(2), 216-223.

Bernard. 2007. Teori Sosiologi Modern. Jakarta: Prestasi Pustakarya.

Damsar. 2011. Pengantar Sosiologi Modern. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group. dari Masa ke Masa. Banjarbaru: PT. Grafika Wangi Kalimantan.

Desti, R. S., Wahyuni, S., & Elsera, M. Tradisi Ziarah Makam Pada Masyarakat Melayu Di Desa Bintan Buyu Kabupaten Bintan. Jurnal Pendidikan Sosiologi Dan Humaniora, 13(2), 348-355.

Giddens, A. (2010). Metode Sosiologi. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Hapsari, L. D. (2010). Tradisi Buwuh Dalam Pesta Pernikahan (Studi Kasus Pada Komunitas Gunungan Di Kabupaten Lumajang) (Doctoral Dissertation, Universitas Brawijaya).

Hulwati, H. (2021). Uang Panggilan: Media Pertukaran Sosial Dan Tolong Menolong Dalam Masyarakat Gadih Angik. Indonesian Journal Of Religion And Society, 3(2).

Jamaludin, A. N. (2015). Sosiologi Perdesaan. Bandung: Pustaka Setia.

Jogiyanto. (2007). Sistem Informasi Keprilakuan. Yogyakarta.: Penerbit Andi.

Jones, P. (2003). Pengantar Teori-Teori Sosial. Jakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia.

Khairi, I. L. (2018). Gotong Royong Dalam Upacara Perkawinan Pada Masyarakat Di Jorong Kubu Anau Kenagarian Manggopoh Lubuk Basung Agam. Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik, 5(2), 1-14.

Lestari, S.Dkk. (2012). Potret Resiprositas Dalam Tradisi Nyumbang Di Pedesaan Jawa Di Tengah Monetisasi Desa. Masyarakat, Kebudayaan, Dan Politik.25(4):271-281

M Anwar, S. Y. A. H. P. U. T. R. A. (2021). Tradisi Rewangan Dan Interaksi Sosial Masyarakat Kelurahan Gunung Terang Kecamatan Langkapura Bandar Lampung (Doctoral Dissertation, Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung).

Miles, B. M. & Huberman, M. (1992). Analisis Data Kualitatif: Buku-Sumber Tentang Metode-metode Baru. Jakarta: UIP.

Oka, 2010. Sistem Transaksi Masyarakat pedesaan, Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama

Panjaitan, 2016. Peradaban Gotong Royong: Jala Permata Aksara

Rahyono, F.X. (2009). Kearifan Budaya dalam Kata. Jakarta: Wedatama Widyasastra.

Rajabar, 2006, Sistem Sosial Budaya Indonesia suatu pengantar, Ghalia

Ritzer, George. Teori Sosiologi Dari Sosiologi Klasik Sampai Perkembangan Muthakir Teori Sosial Post Modern. Yogyakarta: Kreasi Wacana

Rusmin, dkk. (2010). Ilmu Sosial & Budaya Dasar. Jakarta: Kencana.

Soekanto, Soerjono. (2007). Sosiologi suatu pengantar. Jakarta: P.T. Raja Grafindo

Soekanto, Sosiologi Suatu Pengantar, Edisi Baru Keempat, Jakarta, Awal Juni, 1990

Soerkanto, S. (2012). Sosiologi Suatu Pengantar. Jakarta: Pt Rajagrafindo Persada.

Suaidah, S. (2022). Pelaksanaan Arisan Sembako Untuk Acara Pernikahan (Kemanfaatan Yang Lainnya) Di Desa Sidojadi Kecamatan Bukit Malintang Ditinjau Dari Fiqh Muamalah (Doctoral Dissertation, Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau).

Sunarto, K. (2004). Pengantar Sosiologi. Jakarta: Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Indonesia.

Suryana, A., & Hendrastomo, G. (2016). Pemaknaan Tradisi Nyumbang Dalam Pernikahan Di Masyarakat Desa Kalikebo, Trucuk, Klaten. Jurnal PendidikanSosiologi,(25),1–16.

Downloads

Published

2023-08-16

Issue

Section

Articles